马其他幸运飞艇

設計漫展:從豐子愷賀友直到當下,風格斷代或時代變遷

來源:澎湃新聞    時間:2019-07-24    站內收藏

马其他幸运飞艇       RUJIN,MANHUAZUOWEIYIZHONGYISHUXINGSHI,YUELAIYUESHOUDAOZHULIUBOWUGUANHEMEISHUGUANDEGUANZHU,DUIYUZHEYANGYIZHONGQUSHI,SHEJIHULIANGUANCHANGAOLEI·BOMAN(Ole Bouman)RENWEI,QIBEIHOUTIXIANDESHICONG“WENBENWENHUA”XIANG“TUXIANGWENHUA”DEZHUANBIAN。LINGYIFANGMIAN,DUIYUSHEJIHULIANLAISHUO,JUBANZHEYANGDEZHANLANTIXIANLEMANHUAYUSHEJIZHIJIANDEGONGTONGXING,“TONGGUODAGUIMOYINSHUAHUOZHEDAZHONGSHENGCHAN,DAODADAZHONGDESHENGHUO。LIANGZHEDOUSHITONGGUOCHUANGZAOLILAIDAILAIYINGXIANG。”

马其他幸运飞艇  7YUE20RIZHI9YUE30RI,YOUSHEJIHULIANTUANDUICEHUADE “BAINIANGUOMANDAZHANY-COMIC-X?”ZAISHENZHENHAISHANGSHIJIEWENHUAYISHUZHONGXINJUXING,ZHANLANZHANCHULAIZI85WEIZHONGGUOMANHUAJIADE400YUJIANMANHUAZUOPIN,YISHIJIANWEIXIANSUO,CHENGXIANCONGFENGZIKAIDE《ZIKAIMANHUA》KAISHIDAORUJINSHUZISHIDAIDEZHONGGUOMANHUASHI。 ERCONGFENGZIKAI、HEYOUZHIDAORUJINDEMANHUA,JIUFENGGEERYAN,YOUMEIYOUGEIRENYIZHONG“DUANDAI”ZHIGAN?

  豐子愷 《-白云無事常來往 莫怪山人不送迎》

  ZUOWEIYIGEGUOMANZHAN,XIANGJIAOYUFENGGEGENGWEIXIANMINGDERIBENMANHUA,RUHEKANDAOZHONGGUOMANHUADEFENGGE?PENGPAIXINWENJIUCIYUSHEJIHULIANGUANCHANGAOLEI·BOMAN(Ole Bouman)YUSHEJIHULIANFUGUANCHANGZHAORONGJINXINGLEDUIHUA,TAMENRENWEI,MEIYIDAIMANHUARENDECHUANGZUOFANYINGDEDOUSHIDANGSHIDESHENGHUO,XIANGBIFENGGESHANGDESUOWEI“DUANDAI”,ZHONGGUODEMANHUAFANYINGDESHISHIDAIDEBIANQIAN。

  賀友直《小二黑結婚》

  PENGPAIXINWEN:NENGFOUXIANJIESHIYIXIAZHANLANDEMINGCHENG“Y-Comic-X”?

  AOLEI·BOMAN:YSHI“why”DEXIEYIN,WOMENSHITUQUJIESHIZAIZHONGGUO,WEISHENMEHUICHANSHENGMANHUAZHEYANGDEDONGXI,SHITUHUIDAMANHUAYISHUBEIHOUDEDONGJI、JIQIAOHEHUIHUAXING,ZHANSHIMANHUARUHEJIANGGUSHIZHUANYICHENGJUYOUYULEXINGDEXUSHI。LINGYIFANGMIAN,“WEISHENME”YESHISUOYOUSHIWUDEHEXINWENTI。

  《孫悟空三打白骨精》

  Q:為什么設計互聯會選擇在現在舉辦一個漫畫展?

  AOLEI·BOMAN:WOMENZAIZHONGZHONGTIAOZHANHEXIANZHIDANGZHONGBUDUANXIANGQIAN,XUNZHAOZIJIDEDAOLU。WOMENDEDIYIGEZHANLAN“SHUZIZHIWEI”SHIJIANGSHEJIZUOWEIXIANGXIANGDEZAITI。SHUZIGEMINGBUZHISHIGUANYUJISHU,GENGSHIGUANYURUHERANGRENLEIDEXIANGXIANGDEDAOXINDEDINGYIHEFUXING。ZAIZHEGEZHANLANZHONG,WOMENTANTAOLEAIDENGJISHU,SHEJIWANMEIDIZHANXIANLERENLEIDEXIANGXIANGRUHETONGGUOJISHUDEGEMINGERQIANYI,SHISHIXIANXIANGXIANGLIDEGONGJUHEPINGTAI。DIERGEZHANLAN“ZAOWUXINSHIDAI”SHIGUANYUZHIZAO(making),CHENGXIANCHUANTONGJISHURUHEWEISHEJIDAILAIXINDELINGGAN,GULAODEJIYIRUHETONGGUOXINDEJISHUERHUANFAHUOLI,GONGYIRUHEZHUANBIANWEISHEJI。SUOYI,DIYIGEZHANLANSHIGUANYUXIANGXIANG,DIERGESHIGUANYUZHIZAO。ERZHEYIGESHITONGGUOSHOUHUI、MANHUA、DONGHUALAI“SHEJI”YIGEGUSHI。MEIGERENDOUZHIDAOGUSHIKEYIYONGWENZIBIAODA,DANSHIMANHUAYONGBUTONGDEFANGSHILAIJIANGSHUGUSHI,NENGGOURANGGEZHONGGEYANGDERENDOULIJIETADEGUSHI。TASHIPUTONGRENDEYISHU。DUIWOGERENLAISHUO,MANHUARANGWOLIANXIANGDAOJIAOTANGLICAISEBOLICHUANGSHANGDEGUSHI,MEIYIMIANCHUANGDOUMIAOHUILE《SHENGJING》BUTONGDEZHANGJIE。JINGGUO20SHIJI,WOMENKANDAOLEZHEZHONGYISHUXINGSHIZAIDONGFANGHEXIFANGFUXING,TAJIANGSHUSUOYOURENDOUNENGLIJIEDEGUSHI。ZHEGEZHANLANSHIYIZHONGGUOZUOWEILIZI,CHENGXIANZHONGGUODEMANHUASHIRUHEYANHUADE。



  李志武《白鹿原》

  Q:ZUIJIN,DAYINGBOWUGUANYEZAIJUBANRIBENMANHUAZHAN,ZAISHANGHAI,YEYOUYIXIEGUANYUMANHUA、DONGMANDEZHANLANZHENGZAIJUXING。ZAININKANLAI,WEISHENMEXIANZAIYUELAIYUEDUODEBOWUGUAN、MEISHUGUANJIANGMANHUAZUOWEIYIZHONGYISHUXINGSHIJINXINGZHANSHI?

  AOLEI·BOMAN:ZAI1970-80NIANDAI,RENMENJIBENSHANGSHIYIWENBENDEXINGSHIZAIDIANNAOQIANGONGZUO,SUIZHU“PINGUO”DEFAMING、QIAOBUSIDESHEJI,DIANNAOSHANGDEGONGZUOBIANDEYUELAIYUEJIYUTUXIANG:DAIMABEIZHUANHUAWEITUBIAO,SHIQIBIANDEGENGJIARONGYIYUNYONG。WOMENYIJINGMANMANJINRULEYIGESHIJUEDESHIDAI,QUTANSUOWENBENWENHUADAOTUXIANGWENHUADEZHUANBIAN,YIJIZHEZHONGZHUANBIANZAIDONGXIFANGDECHAYISHIHENYOUQUDE。

  

《時代漫畫》 創刊號

  WOLAIZIJIANZHULINGYU,WOZHIDAORUJINXUDUOJIANZHUSHIBUZAIXIANGGUOQUNEIYANGTONGGUOJIANSEDELUNWENLAIJINXINGBIAODA,ERSHIRANGZIJIDEZUOPINYONGYOUHUOLI,BIRUBIYAKE·YINGGESI(Bjarke Ingels),TACHULEYIBENSHU,YONGLEISILIANHUANHUADEXINGSHIQUJIANGSHUZIJIDEZUOPIN,JIANGZIJIKANZUOGUSHIZHONGDEYIGEJIAOSE,ERBUSHISHENMETIANCAIHUOSHIYISHUJIA。ZHEHEJINNIANLAIDEPINPAITUIGUANGSHIYIGEDAOLI,BIRUNikeBUSHISHENGCHANXIEZIHUOYUNDONGFU,ERSHISHENGCHANSUDU、ZIYOUHUOXINGFEN,ZHESHICONGWUTIDAOXIAOGUOHUOGANSHOUDEZHUANBIAN。NIBUSHIGOUMAICHANPIN,ERSHIHUODEZIJIDEYIGEJIAOSEHEGUSHI。SUOYIWORENWEIZHESHIZHENGGEWENHUAZHONGZHENGZAIFASHENGDEBIANHUA。NENGGOULEJIEZHEYANGDELISHIBEIHOUDEBEIJING、TAMENZAOQIDELIZISHIHENYOUQUDE。

  豐子愷《鑼鼓響》


  豐子愷 《打米》

  Q:ZHANLANSHITUZHANXIANZHONGGUOMANHUADEYANBIAN,XIANGJIAOYURIBENMANHUAZHONGSHIZHONGNENGKANDAOMOUXIEYIMOXIANGCHENGDEFENGGE,CONGFENGZIKAI、HEYOUZHIDAORUJINDEMANHUA,SIHUGEIRENYIZHONG“DUANDAI”DEGANJUE?ZENMEKANDAIZHONGGUOMANHUADEGEXINGHEFENGGEYANBIAN?

  ZHAORONG:MANHUAZUOWEIYIZHONGYISHUMENLEI,ZAIXIANDAIZHONGGUO,ZUIZAOJINRUZHONGGUOGONGZHONGDESHIYEDAGAISHICONG1925NIANDE《ZIKAIMANHUA》KAISHI。ZAIZHONGGUO,MANHUAZUIZAOZHIDESHIFENGZIKAIDENEIZHONGDANFUDE、ZISHUJIAOSHAO、FUYOUQUWEIXINGDETUHUA;HOULAIYOULELIANHUANHUA,TASHIDUOFUDE,YOUZIJIDECHANGJING,TUXIANGXIAMIANYOUWENZIDEMIAOSHU,ZHESHIZUIZAODEPUJIHUADE、MIAOSHURICHANGQINGGAN、JIANGGUSHIDEYISHUCHUANGZUOXINGSHI。WOMENNENGGOUKANDAO,GUOQUDEMANHUABEIHOUQISHIDOUSHIFEICHANGLIHAIDEYISHUJIA,BIRUHEYOUZHI,TADEMEIYIGECHANGJINGDOUJINGGUOHENDUOTUIQIAO,YONGXUDUOTUXIANGDEYUYANBIAOXIANQINGJING。80NIANDAIDAO90NIANDAI,ZHONGGUODEMANHUAJIAJIECHUDAOLAIZIRIBENHUOXIFANGDEMANHUAXINGSHI。HUIHUAYUYANHEGUANSHANGXIGUANBIANDEFEICHANGDANGDAIHUADE,KEYIKANDAOYOUXUDUOSUDUXIAN,ZHIJIEDIWENZIZHIRUTUXIANG,ZHENGGECHANGJINGGANHEDAIRUGANGENGQIANG,HENDUOQINGNIANQUNTIHUIYONGZHEZHONGTAMENGENGRONGYIZHANGWODECHUANGZUOXINGSHI。

  展覽現場

  MANHUAHEQITAYISHUXINGSHIBUYIYANG,TAHESHENGHUOXIXIXIANGGUAN,SHIYONGZHIJIEDEFANGSHIQUZIYOUDIBIAODASHENGHUOZHONGDEQINGXUHEXIANGFA,HUOSHIYIXIEXIANGXIANGDEGUSHI,WULUNSHILAOYIBEIYISHUJIAYUNYONGSHUIMODEYISHUXINGSHI,HUANSHIRUJINNIANQINGRENDEMANHUAYUYAN,DOUSHIZAIYONGZIJIDEFANGFAQUBIAODAXIANGFA,ZHESHIGUANTONGDE,SUOYOUDECHUANGZUODOUSHIZHENSHIFANYINGLEDUIYUDANGSHIWENHUAHUOSHENGHUODEJILU、BUTONGSHIDAIRENMENDUIYUWENHUADEGONGTONGJIYI。SUOYI,XIANGBIFENGGESHANGDESUOWEI“DUANDAI”,ZHONGGUODEMANHUAFANYINGDESHISHIDAIDEBIANQIAN。

  Q:ZUOWEIYIGEOUZHOUREN,NINZENMEKANDAIZHONGGUOMANHUADETESE,YIJITAHEXIFANGMANHUADECHAYI?

  AOLEI·BOMAN:DANGWOSHIJISUIDESHIHOU,WOMEIZHOUHUIQUYIJIAMANHUASHUDIANLIANGCI,WOFAXIANTAMENYOUGEZHONGGEYANGDEZHUANJI,NIHENNANGUINATAMENDEFENGGE。WOBUNENGSHUOYOUSHENMESHIZHUANMENSHIDONGFANGDEHUOSHIXIFANGDE,ZHUANMENSHIRIBENDEHUOSHIZHONGGUODE。DANSHIWOJUEDE,YEXUZAIZHONGGUOMANHUAZHONGYOUMOUZHONG“SHUOJIAO”(didactic)DEQINGXIANG,ZAIZHONGGUODEMANHUAZHONG,CHUANGZUOZHEMENCHANGCHANGSHITURANGRENMENCONGTUHUAZHONGXUEXIDAOSHENME。DANSHI,NIZAIZHANLANSHANGYEHUIFAXIANXUDUOZIYOUDEBIAODA,HENNANBEIGUIYUMOUZHONGFENGGE。

  王澤《老夫子-油漆》

  Q:你們如何看待設計和漫畫的關系?

  趙蓉:之前,我們在2015年的深港雙年展上做了一個展覽,關于“不為人知的設計”,七個案例是不在所謂的設計行業里討論的,比如開源硬件、微信等等。這些都是日常慣用、但我們很少從設計角度去思考的產品。從根本上說,設計的背后是很多個體持久的創造力。我們希望作為一個文化機構,給這樣的創造力一個平臺,不管是漫畫、平面設計等等,都能夠體現這樣的創造力。

  《羅小黑戰記》

  奧雷·伯曼:我們想要提倡設計不只是塑造產品的方式,而是思考的方式,它可以培養并展現創作力。設計的背后是一種“應用創造力”(applied creativity),我們有“自由流動的創造力”(free-floating creativity), 也就是純粹藝術,而應用創造力意在產生某種影響,覆蓋盡可能多的觀眾。在這種角度下,漫畫創作者的和設計師的思維有共通點。他們需要對自己的手繪或是設計稿精益求精、從而捕捉公眾的吸引力,然后,通過大規模印刷或者大眾生產,到達大眾的生活。兩者都是通過創造力來帶來影響。另外,和漫畫一樣,將故事轉化成一種形式,也是設計一直在做的事情。比如,當你設計一把椅子的時候,不只是一個物件,而是一個情形,人可以舒適或優雅地坐在那里,如果你設計腳本,你設計的也是一個情形的腳本。如果你設計一本書,那不只是設計它的書頁,而是設計讀者如何與書中的每一頁相遇。這樣的設計可以引人入勝,并帶來靈感,所以設計是一個故事,這個故事應該是有益的、有意義的,能給人留下深刻印象。

  顏開 《雪椰》

  這就是為什么可以在漫畫中學到很多,每個漫畫創作者都一直在思考,如何用最簡練的、接近本質的方式來描繪一個情形。如果你每天讀報紙上的漫畫,你會發現它必須是經由最為簡練的語言來精確捕捉最核心的信息,畫漫畫關乎的是,我想要傳遞的關鍵信息是什么,我想要放在紙上的東西到底是什么。這其中所需要的技巧是所有設計師都要掌握的,如果你將你的能量浪費在一些較為次要的地方,那永遠不會成為好的設計。所以,我覺得這樣的展覽對于設計師們如何去捕捉最為重要的東西是有益的,另一方面,和設計師一樣,漫畫創作者需要平衡傳播信息和表達自己。有些設計師可能喜歡純粹的功能,你在漫畫中也能看到類似的東西:有些漫畫作者用非常枯燥和直接的方式去傳遞信息。但是也有設計師在全維度上進行思考,也有漫畫家描繪非常細膩的圖畫,在核心的信息周圍有許多有趣的東西。

  展覽現場

  Q:您剛才說到“大眾生產”,就是說漫畫想要面對的是大眾。從這個角度上說,漫畫家是否更像是設計師,而不是藝術家?

马其他幸运飞艇  AOLEI·BOMAN:WOXIANGZHESHILINGYIGEJIAODU。RUGUONIYAOCHIXUDISHENGCHANMANHUA,NIJIUXUYAOGENGDUOKAOLVTADEXIAOGUOHEYINGXIANG,ERBUZHISHIBIAODAZIJI,NIYAOCHUANDAXINXI。WOJIDEDANGWOXIAODESHIHOU,WODUBAOZHI,DIYIGEXIANGKANDEJIUSHIMANHUADEBUFEN。NEISHIZUIYOUQUDEBUFEN。HENRONGYIXIAOHUA。

  也許漫畫就是持續地和觀眾建立關系,然后看看會發生什么。那也是設計師一直在做的事情。前兩天,在京都發生了非常可怕的事情,人們從幾百公里的地方過來,獻上鮮花,從中可以看到人們和漫畫之間非常強烈的連接。而如果工作室里的創作者們只是在思考表達自己,就不會發生這樣的事情。他們努力地想要捕捉深層的人類情感,或是重要的生命時刻,讓每個人都能夠感同身受。

本文來源:澎湃新聞

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